LCROSS Advocate Study

Prepared by E. McCullough 951 284 9858

McCullough Innovations and Consulting

This is the Preliminary Web Page for the LCROSS Advocate Study. You will find information on the study participants and appropriate documents. A new web Page will be available shortly on a different server. This site will enable a closed study by incorporating password protection to protect participant intellectual property and un released findings, files and other documentation.

The following is all preliminary. I invite study participants to make suggestions to improve the vision, goals and approach statements. I also invite comment on the preliminary study topics. All participants are invited to provide level of effort support at their own discretion.


The LCROSS results on Lunar volatiles present an opportunity to re-energize space exploration research and development activity re-establishing the excitement that existed in the 80s and early 90s. At that time, we had significant activity in Space Manufacturing (The Princeton Conferences,) Space Engineering (the SERC at the University of Arizona and other institutions,) Space Solar Power (The Space Solar Power Journal,) the Delta Star Missions (a series of Ballistic Missile Defense Organization missions culminating in the DCX,) NASA's 90 day study and a series of chemical engineering skunk works style laboratory programs( that I managed in Rockwell's Advanced Systems Development Center in conjunction with the University of Arizona, Andrew Hall Cutler and Rocketdyne Power and Propulsion.)

Based on my experience in aerospace advanced engineering (Rockwell, McDonnell Douglas and Boeing,) Chemical engineering (Bechtel Mining, Bechtel Civil and Minerals and Rockwell,) software engineering (various positions,) nuclear engineering and reactor operations (Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard and the U.S. Navy,) these results drastically simplify the chemical engineering difficulty of developing space facilities that people have been hoping for and dreaming of for decades.

My Vision is that a number of appropriate individuals will be able to constitute a steering group that can Sheppard these opportunities into a reality by illustrating techniques that reduce costs and improve performance above current approaches for space infrastructure development.

This would be a collaborative advocate study that develops an:

Understanding of lunar volatiles resources as they relate to existing and LCROSS datasets,

Understanding of the phenomenological context of heterogeneous surface environments at Lunat latitudes within ~ 20 degrees of the Lunar poles,

Understanding of surface geological stability as it relates to mining, processing and product storage operations,

Understanding of options to produce a range of milstock materials (Lowes on the moon so to speak,)

Understandings of a maturation plan for the manufacturing and integration of complex space systems on the moon.



1. Set up a collaborative study to address a series of topics

2. Begin as an un funded study but eventually acquire funding first to begin traveling to meetings and workshops as required then to provide for stipends for study participants

3. Conduct a closed focused study to address:

A. A series of findings revisioning phenomenological contexts relating to Space Resources, scientific understandings on the Lunar Environment, concepts for new scientific insitu investigations and mission opportunities

B. Identification of obstacles to new approaches and opportunities and a preliminary list of techniques and methods to mitigate them.

4. Address and come to a resolution on issues associated with priority of topics, intellectual property, types of reports and products generated, type of organization to formalize, &c. &c. &c.

5. Develop website to facilitate the study

6. Find a way to bring young people and new space enthusiasts into this process via viral engineering and other approaches.



Phase One - Characterize and understand the volatile environment

1. Develop projections of the volatile characteristics based on previous Lunar datasets, first principles and the LCROSS dataset,

2. Consider energetic and morphological phase stability hazards based on the known species, their potential interactions

3. Evaluate micro thermodynamic processes powered by impact energies and their potential products such as carbonyls, halides, hydrides, nitrides and their potential reactions with organics.

4. Consider environmental toxicological hazards based on above potential species

5. Consider equipment design and material requirements based on the space environmental issues and the potential contamination control hazards based on the above potential species

I know that some design work was done by JPL and MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd on a low temperature rover for the Moon Rise project but the design of a rover and the required materials depend on environmental and contamination hazards which we currently don't know since we don't know what phases are present, their thermodynamic stability and the potential for contamination.

Phase II - Recommendations for scientific missions to clarify volatile deposits, stability, toxicology and potential for system contamination,

Phase III - Concept development for use of volatiles for developing commercial enterprises on the moon,

Phase IV - Mining, Recovery, Processing, Product Storage plans.

Phase V - Preliminary manufacturing plans


Guiding Principles for the advocate study


It will address a given baseline vision

The Efforts will be made to make the baseline vision work,

This project will utilize advanced technology and not limit itself to conservative mindsets

The communications will be cordial and non argumentative

The project is closed to non participants

A new website is being developed to host documents, a Blog, pedigreed data IP protection and an advanced password system to track documents,

There will be voluntary contributions at the discretion of the participants,

Though the effort is currently un funded, efforts are being made to eventually obtain funding for meetings, travel &c. along with programs mission development and execution. The result of this effort is currently uncertain.


It is my opinion that all of the above can be accomplished via the use of autonomous robotic vehicles based on current technological possibilities in situational awareness, model based control, integrated vehicle health management, image recognition, power generation, storage and distribution &c. &c. &c.

During the course of this study, I will de archive previous NASA, university and industry studies which I am aware of that addressed the issues associated with the operation of chemical engineering unit steps and power generation and distribution system operations on the moon.